If you have ever undergone eye surgery, a trained ophthalmologist has done the work. Ophthalmology focuses on treating diseases and conditions that affect the anatomy and physiology of the eye. What this means is that an ophthalmologist takes care of both surgical procedures and medical care for the eye. They are specialists in dealing with multiple eye diseases and conditions. 

Ophthalmology Training and Education

Becoming an ophthalmologist requires a medical degree and completing residency like other branches of medicine. Some ophthalmologists can undergo additional training if they choose and focus on a specialty within the field.

Ophthalmology training covers the entire spectrum of eye care. Ophthalmologists are trained to do thorough eye exams to prescribe glasses or contact lenses, offer medical treatment for assorted eye problems, and do complex and delicate eye surgeries for qualified candidates. They also take an active role in conducting scientific research on eye diseases and other serious vision problems. Ophthalmologists work to uncover causes behind these things and find cures.

An ophthalmologist is a licensed medical doctor, so they are permitted to practice medicine and surgery. This is different from an optometrist who focuses on performing eye exams, prescribing corrective lenses, and prescribing medications for certain eye diseases. Often, optometrists and ophthalmologists will work together to provide complete eye care for a patient.

Ophthalmologist Sub-Specialties

The field of ophthalmology includes multiple sub-specialties where an ophthalmologist can focus on treating and curing specific types of eye problems. This can make it easier to address specific needs of eye patients. At Retina Associates of Western NY, PC all of our physicians are board certified, fellowship trained Vitreoretinal Ophthalmologists, and as such we provide Medical and surgical treatment for diseases affecting the retina and vitreous. These diseases can be genetic and systemic in origin.

Eyecare Services


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Our practice offers the state of the art imaging technology for the diagnosis of retinal diseases. These include:

  • High magnification and wide-field fundus photography (FP)
  • Fluorescein Angiography (FA)
  • Indocyanine Green Angiography (ICG)
  • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)
  • Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A)
  • B-scan Ultrasonography


Our practice participates in many national and international clinical trials with the purpose of discovering improved therapies for retinal diseases. Each clinical trial is approved by an institutional review board (IRB) prior to initiation. Our physicians also evaluate each clinical trial for safety prior to entering into the trial. The physicians may assess your suitability for a clinical trial and discuss your options with you during your visit. If you are interested in one of our ongoing clinical trials, please make your physician aware of this or contact our clinical trials department directly.

Laser Treatment

Our practice utilizes the latest in retinal laser technology for the treatment of retinal diseases. Laser photocoagulation treatment is used for the treatment of retinal tears, retinal detachment, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic macular edema, among other conditions.

We are also one of the only local retinal practices that have photodynamic therapy laser (PDT) technology available for the treatment of more rare retinal conditions, such as choroidal neovascularization (CNV) or central serous retinopathy (CSR).


We perform ocular injections for many indications. The eye is treated with local anesthesia prior to the procedure in order to maximize patient comfort.


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Photography for sliding banner by Joe Territo, Susan Warrington, and Margaret Whelehan